The Use of Stem Cells for Treatment of Diseases
Stem cells can form all organs in the body, from bone, kidney, liver to blood and brain. Specialized types of stem cells have the ability to stop immune responses. Stem cells may therefore be very useful as a therapy for diseases in which organs are damaged or where the immune system is too active. Some types of stem cells are already used for therapy, such as the hematopoietic or blood stem cells, which are used for the treatment of bone marrow cancer. The use of other types of stem cells is studied in the laboratory and in experimental therapies. Researchers are trying to find out what is the best way of giving stem cells to patients, where the cells go, and how long they survive in the patient. It is expected that in the future many more stem cell therapies will become available.