Young Minds

Science edited for kids, by kids.

meet our young minds

Is the article clear, logical and convincing? It’s up to you to decide! Young Minds Reviewers guide authors to improve their articles so that young people can understand them better.


11 years old


I currently live in Israel, but I lived in NYC and I loved it. I like wall climbing, dancing, watching TV, scuba diving, and I love learning new things about how our world works. Oh, I also love the Weird-but-True books. You should try reading them too.


15 years old

Toronto, Canada

I am a high school student in the tenth grade. I live in Canada in the GTA and I am an avid video gamer. I am interested in science and math and would like to pursue a career in engineering, computer sciences, chemistry, physics or teaching. My favorite color is red and I enjoy chocolate.


12 years old

Rochester, NY, USA

About two years ago I moved to Europe. I love traveling and I’ve been to many places such as Mexico, Italy, Spain and Canada - foreign food is yummy! Sports is also high on my list – Right now I do karate, and since I live near the French Alps, I ski and rock-climb a lot. And last but not least, I love science - I probably wouldn’t be writing this right now if I didn’t!


13 years old

Berkeley, CA, USA

I love to read and listen to music, and I have a passion for bharathanatyam - an ancient classical dance. From a young age, my ambition has been to become an accomplished neurosurgeon, hence my interest in neuroscience and the brain. I also have a secret ambition (not so secret I guess) of becoming a TV anchor too. Basically I want to make a lasting impact on the world.


13 years old


I'm a Canadian girl who just began grade 8. I like reading, dancing, acting, swimming and multiple other activities. My favorite colours are green, blue, purple and black. When I grow up I want to be a teacher, geologist, palaeontologist or another kind of science researcher. My favourite subjects in school are French, music, geography, English and science


14 years old


I enjoy reading and thinking about life. I have a flair for the dramatic. Woe betide the contributor who falls under my editorial pen. I am in several theatrical productions and I like to go camping in the Canadian wilds. My comment on brains: I wish I had one.


10 years old

Lafayette, CA, USA

I am in fifth grade. In my free time I enjoy reading and computer programming. As a hobby, I make useful objects and experiment with devices. I am very interested in the environment and was one of the founders of my school's green committee. I enjoy reading about science, particularly chemistry, biology, and neuroscience.


8 years old

Champaign, IL, USA

I like reading and drawing. My favorite colors are blue, silver, pink, and purple. My favorite food is creamed spinach. I like to go shopping with my Mom.


12 years old

California, USA

I am in 7th grade, and my parents are neuroscientists. I like to play sports, especially basketball. My favorite TV show is the Simpsons. When I grow up, I want to be an engineer and invent cool and important things.


11 years old

New York, USA

He enjoys playing piano and saxophone, reading, bike riding, technology and robotics. He attends the Horace Mann School and goes to summer camp at Camp Greylock in the Berkshires. This is his first contribution to a science journal.


16 years old

Redwood City, CA, USA

I am a high school sophomore and self-confessed science geek. My dad is a Psychology professor and I have grown up around scientists and experiments. I am fascinated by the brain but also love chemistry, physics and archaeology. My particular interest in neuroscience is the way in which the brain develops over a persons lifetime.


11 years old

York, England

Born in San Francisco, now lives in the ancient city of York, England where the weather is more interesting. His favorite food is pizza and his favourite football team is Manchester United. He enjoys reading, Minecraft, soccer, hanging out with his friends and critiquing the work of famous neuroscientists.


8 years old

Cambridge, MA, USA

3rd grader who plays the piano and loves to sing and dance. She participates in Science Club for Girls and she and her Mom will be performing in their second opera this year.


12 years old

Mishawaka, Indiana

I have been playing violin since I was 3 years old and I listen to classical music all the time. My favorite composers are Vivaldi and Coreili. I also play viola and clarinet. My other passions are reading, math and science. I love traveling and have a wingspan of 5 feet 9 inches - just shy that of a Golden Eagle.


5 years old


I love to grow flowers (to put into bouquets) and vegetables (to eat). I work hard on my violin lessons, and enjoys going to new cities and countries.I am extremely organized, and keep a planner to make sure I stays on top of things, like reviewing deadlines.


14 years old

Amsterdam, Netherlands

When I was just a few weeks old, we moved to Bennekom, a small town close to Arnhem (“a bridge too far”). I am now 14 and follow the bilingual stream in secondary school, receiving lessons in English and Dutch. I hope to do the International Bacquelaurate before I leave school. In my spare time, I like to play football and hang out with my mates. Doing this editing interested me for three reasons: I really wanted to understand more about my dad’s work; I like the idea of this journal that helps us understand what our parents do; and I also like the idea of being an editor!


5 years old


I love books and articles with wry humor, and think my father is the funniest guy in the world. My other love is mechanisms, and I am frustrated that I have not yet learned all the math needed to build a spaceship. But I am working on it, meanwhile honing my logical skills by reviewing.

meet our scientists

Our authors and team of associate editors are contributing to the transmission of scientific culture to a new generation.

Amir Amedi

Medical Neurobiology Department

The Hebrew University

Jerusalem, Israel

My lab's main mission is to give the world’s 45 million blind and over 100 million visually impaired an opportunity to ‘see’ again, either by using non-invasive approaches, developed by them, allowing blind to be more independent and even “see” using sounds or by using novel training approaches to learn to see after bionic eyes implants. When not in the lab, I like to dive in the Red Sea, play tenor saxophone, or hike. See my TEDx Jerusalem talks video!

Anna Vlasits

Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute

University of California

Berkeley, USA

Is a neurobiologist in California. Anna’s favorite dinosaur is Archaeopteryx. She likes the Harry Potter books and thinks science is a lot like magic.

Beatriz Luna

Center of Neuroscience

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, USA

Is the director of the Laboratory for Neurocognitive Development at the University of Pittsburgh. She studies that way peoples’ brains change from childhood to adulthood. She is currently working on a number of studies that look at different aspects of these changes, including how we remember things, and whether or not rewards change how well we can play a game.

Bob Knight

Department of Psychology

Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute

University of California

Berkeley, USA

I am neurologist and brain researcher. I am lucky since I get to see how neuroscience discoveries help people and I hope this journal inspires some young minds to make science their life's goal. I am sure you won't be disappointed! When not in the lab I like to go fishing and hang with my family and grandchildren.


Experimental Psychology Lab

Institute of Psychology

Carl von Ossietzky University

Oldenburg, Germany

I study the correlation of brain oscillations and cognitive functions such as perception, attention, and memory. Due to my background in Electronical Engineering I use transcranial brain stimulation for this purpose, trying to speed up people’s brain waves and in turn to pimp up their cognitive abilities. Whenever I am not in my office, I spend every possible minute on my beloved sailboat. When snow and ice prevent sailing on the North Sea, I sip a glass of red wine in front of the fireplace with my wife and our cute Norwegian forest cat.

Dagmar Sternad

Biology, Electrical and
Computer Engineering & Physics

Northeastern University

Boston, USA

I am interested in how the brain generates movements, from simple walking to dancing gracefully. I have been interested in moving as long I can think back to when I was a kid. I first studied Movement Science in Munich, Germany, and then did my doctoral research at the University of Connecticut in the US. I have my own laboratory at Northeastern University in Boston, where I am now Professor of Biology, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics and still figuring out how things move!

Daniel Ansari

Brain and Mind Institute

The University of Western Ontario

London, ON, Canada

I am interested in how our brains process numbers and how we use them. We use numbers all the time. I want to know how the human brain is able to know about numbers and why some children find numbers so hard to understand. What is different about their brains and why do some people find numbers really scary while others love to use them?

Dar Meshi

Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

Doing neuroscience research is fun! I conduct experiments to understand how we make decisions when we interact with other people. I want to understand how we value other people's opinions and how their opinions can motivate our behavior. When I'm not doing science, I like to draw odd geometrical shapes, and I love watching movies as well.

Dara S Manoach

MGH Psychiatric Neuroimaging Prog.

Athinoula A. Martinos Center

Charlestown, USA

She is a scientist who uses brain imaging tools to reveal how different parts of the human brain work together when we think, learn, and solve problems. This information helps us to understand and treat brain disorders in which thinking is disturbed such as schizophrenia and autism.

Edward de Haan

Faculty of Social and
Behavioural Sciences

Amsterdam, Netherlands

I work as a neuropsychologist in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. I see a lot of different patients who are suffering from brain damage. I am particularly interested to learn more about the effect of brain disease on our perception of the outside world. Disorders of perception take many different forms. Sometimes patients can no longer feel it when they are touched, others see the outside in a distorted manner. I sometimes wonder if they see me as a weird professor.

Elizabeth Buffalo

Washington National
Primate Research Center

Seattle, WA, USA

Research in my lab is focused on understanding how we are able to learn new information and how we are able to remember it later. We use microelectrodes to measure neural activity deep in the brain while monkeys perform memory tasks on a computer. We investigate how this neural activity is related to the monkey’s ability to learn and remember.

Elizabeth Sowell

University of Southern California

Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Los Angeles, USA

I am a scientist who studies kids brains. I like to paint colorful flowers, and I make brain art on my computer.


Laboratory of Experimental
Psychology and Neurosciences

Institute of Cognitive Neurology

Buenos Aires, Argentina

He is currently the Science Coordinator at the INECO Foundation, where he also directs the Social Neuroscience & Education research laboratory and is the co-chair of the Institute of Neuroscience & Education. Gleichgerrcht is an associate professor at Favaloro University (Argentina), an Adjunct Professor at Diego Portales Unviersity in Santiago, Chile, and a guest lecturer in several universities across the Latin American region.

Facundo Manes

Institute of Cognitive Neurology

Buenos Aires, Argentina

He believes in the importance of promoting scientific knowledge in our society, and thus presented ‘Mysteries of the Brain’, a TV show broadcast on Argentine television; he has written many scientific articles in the national press informing and educating the public on scientific issues.

Felix Schürmann

Brain Mind Institute


Lausanne, Switzerland

Why is it so easy for my calculator to multiply two numbers, but my brain gets bored doing the same? I studied physics to learn how many great minds have come up with so many good answers... only this thing with the computers and the brains needs a little bit more thinking... This is why I enjoy working on the Human Brain Project!


Institute of Cognitive Neurology

Buenos Aires, Argentina


Hauke R Heekeren

Affective Neuroscience

Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

Professor of Affective Neuroscience and Psychology of Emotion at the Cluster of Excellence "Languages of Emotion" at Freie Universität Berlin. He received his doctoral degree in medicine from the Charité University Medicine Berlin in 2000. His primary research interests concern the roles of motivation and affect in decision making, cognitive and affective components in normal and disturbed social cognition, and multimodal neuroimaging methodology. Current research themes include the effect of neuromodulators (such as drugs or common genetic polymorphisms) on cognitive and affective functions.

Idan Sagev

Computational Neuroscience

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Jerusalem, Israel

Professor in Computational Neuroscience at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he received his B.Sc (1973) in Math and Ph.D (1982) in experimental and theoretical neurobiology. His work is published in the top journal such as Science, Nature, PNAS and he received several awards including “best teacher” in international brain-courses. In recent years, his group worked jointly with several experimental groups worldwide in an endeavor to model a whole piece of the mammalian cortex with the ultimate goal to unravel how local fine variations within the cortical network underlie specific behavioral function and may give rise to certain brain diseases or to a healthy and “individual” brains. His recent digital course in Coursera was viewed by 50,000 students worldwide. Idan Segev takes a keen interest in the connection between art and the brain.

Javier DeFelipe

Cajal Institute

Madrid, Spain

One of my principal interest is the study of the history of our current understanding of cortical organization and function. In particular, I am interested in the roots of cortical histology and circuitry. At present I am director of the Laboratorio Cajal de Circuitos Corticales (Centro de Tecnología Biomédica, UPM) and of the Laboratorio de Microorganización de la Corteza Cerebral Normal y Alteraciones de los Circuitos (Departamento de Neurobiología Funcional y de Sistemas, Instituto Cajal, CSIC).

John T Cacioppo

Center for Cognitive and
Social Neuroscience

University of Chicago

Chicago, USA

Director of the Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience at the University of Chicago, John is interested in the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms that underlie the social structures and processes that define humans and other social species. One lens through which he has investigated the influence between these biological and social structures and processes is to study the effects of social isolation, real or perceived.

Jorge Moll

D'Or Institute for
Research and Education

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

What I do is to try to find how the brains allow us to make decisions, evaluate ourselves and other people. I also want to know why and how we suffer or feel joy along with others, and why some people fail to do so, or lose this ability. I use fancy brain imaging techniques - including functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - to watch and understand how our brains regions get activated when we make moral judgments, feel deep emotions or think about ourselves. This field of research may open new paths for helping patients and improving our societies

José del R Millán

Center for Neuroprosthetics


Lausanne, Switzerland

Professor at the Center for Neuroprosthetics of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). He received a PhD in computer science from the Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) and has worked in Italy, US and Switzerland. He has received several awards for his work on brain-machine interfaces and brain-controlled robots.

Jose M Carmena

Dept. of Electrical Engineering
and Computer Sciences

University of California

Berkeley, USA

Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Neuroscience at the University of California, Berkeley, and Co-Director of the Center for Neural Engineering and Prostheses at UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco. He is interested in how the brain controls movement, and in the design of neuroprosthetic systems for people suffering with paralysis and other neurological conditions.

Josef Parvizi

Department of Neurology

Stanford University
School of Medicine

Stanford, USA

I am a medical doctor and a scientist. I work at Stanford University and treat patients with brain problems. I study the human brain by recording or electrically stimulating its activity with electrodes that we place over the surface of the brain in patients going through brain surgery.

Kathy Murphy

McMaster University

Ontario, Canada

I am a visual neuroscientist and I study how the brain learns to see. My research looks for new insights about how experience shapes the visual areas of the brain. Then we try that to harness the brain's unique ability to reorganize itself to develop new therapies for visual diseases. When I'm not in the lab I like to walk my dog, skate, and ski.

Kia Nobre

University of Oxford

Oxford, United Kingdom

I am a Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Oxford. In my research, I try to understand how our goals, expectations, motivations, memories, emotions… influence how we decode and encode the world around us from the very first stages of perception. I never tire of marvelling at the miracle of thought.

Micah M Murray

University Hospital Center and
University of Lausanne

Lausanne, Switzerland

Professor at the University Hospital Center and University of Lausanne, Switzerland. He is neuroscientist, despite first working in astrophysics and studying English (and neuroscience) in college. He is the husband of an artist/painter and the proud father of 2 daughters.

Michael Silver

School of Optometry

University of California

Berkeley, USA

His research group studies how visual perception is created by the human brain and how perception is affected by what you are attending to, what you expect will happen next in the visual world around you, and learning of new visual skills.

Nadine Gaab

Developmental Medicine Center

Harvard Medical School

Boston, USA

I study how the brain learns to read and what is happening if someone is struggling with reading. We also try to find clues in the brain of preschoolers or even infants that help us to decide if someone will have a hard time learning to read once they start elementary school. We are also studying which therapies for reading problems help best and how they change the brain.

Paul Glimcher

Center for Neural Science

New York University

New York, USA

Ever since I was a kid I have wondered why people make the decisions that they do. And now that's what I do for a living, studying how our brains make decisions about everything from allowances, to friends to jobs.

Petr Janata

Center for Mind and Brain

University of California

Davis, USA

He grew up taking piano and music theory lessons and observing people. This inspired him to do music psychology experiments in college, something he’s continued doing to this day. He likes to play folk-rock piano, and playing in a band helps him think about new research questions.

Ray Dolan

Wellcome Trust Centre
for Neuroimaging

University College London

London, United Kingdom

I study how emotion influences decision making. I use a technology called fMRI which enables me to measure brain activity while people perform mental tasks. Outside of work I listen to jazz, rhythm and blues, and opera. I am an avid hiker, reader of literature and enjoy fly fishing.

Robert Stickgold

Beth Israel Deaconess
Medical Center

Harvard Medical School

Boston, USA

He studies how sleep and dreaming make our memories stronger and last longer, while also trying to figure out what they really mean, and whether they are even worth keeping. His work suggests that sleeping is a big part of learning, and sometimes as important as studying!

Ryan Morrie

Dept. of Molecular and Cell Biology

University of California

Berkeley, USA

Neurobiologist in California. He likes to eat ice cream and think about how his brain knows how fast a football is going when he is playing catch.


Medical Neurobiology Department

The Hebrew University

Jerusalem, Israel

Studies how we use our different senses (e.g., vision and audition), to understand our surroundings (e.g., that there is a yellow car approaching the crosswalk fast, and we should wait before crossing). We see the car, we hear its engine, and we plan our actions accordingly.

Stefano Sandrone

Institute of Psychiatry

King's College London

London, United Kingdom

(Canelli, Italy, 1988) loves arts, sports –especially football- and, of course, neuroscience and the history of brain research! After having studied in Milan and Zurich, he recently joined King’s College London. He investigates neuroplasticity, namely how the brain changes over time, looking inside it with amazing tools called ‘neuroimaging’.


HPEN Laboratory

The University of Chicago

Chicago, USA

Director of the High Performance Electrical Neuroimaging (HPEN) Laboratory, Stephanie studies how one's social relationships modify one's brain, and vice versa. She has received several awards for her work on the science of social connection and pair bond.

Susan Riviera

Developmental Neuroscientist

University of California

Davis, USA

I study how thinking develops, particularly thinking about number, space, time and emotions or feelings. To do this, I study both typically developing people and people who have developmental disorders like autism and fragile X syndrome.

Sabine Kastner

Princeton University

New Jersey, USA

Scientist and Professor, she studies how people use their brains to pay attention to specific activities (e.g. how can it be that you don’t hear your parents calling for dinner when you play a videogame or read a book). Sabine also enjoys spending time with her two kids and loves the Beatles.


Max Planck Institute
for Human Development

Berlin, Germany

I am a lifespan psychologist. I study how the way we think and act changes with age, and why people differ in the way they change. I am interested in finding out how changes in behavior relate to changes in the brain, and how changes in childhood differ from changes in adulthood and old age. I listen to music while working, and like to go on long runs.

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